The member states of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change have defined their climate change targets in the form of Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). So-called intended NDCs served as a basis for the Paris Agreement on climate change adopted in December 2015. Subsequently ratified NDCs provide the framework for national actions and are foreseen to be regularly updated and improved.
In many developing countries, greenhouse gas emissions are on the rise due to increasing rates of motorisation and growing demand for transport. As a result, effective measures to mitigate climate change in this sector are becoming more and more important. Comprehensive and reliable databases are essential in order to identify effective strategies for reducing emissions. However, in most cases existing data is inadequate: detailed inventories and information on trends in transport demand are not yet available.
Emissions in the transport sector are systematically recorded and reduced in order to support the implementation of Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) in developing countries.
This project cooperates with transport and environmental ministries in Kenya and Vietnam, along with their subordinate authorities. Together they estimate reduction potentials in the transport sector by developing scenarios and identify the most promising strategies and policies. The project provides assistance in designing these strategies and policies and in measuring emissions reductions. Joint efforts such as the establishment and operationalisation of a climate change unit in the Department of Transport (Kenya), enable national ministries to better assess and monitor the effectiveness of their policies while at the same time estimating the transport sector’s contribution to fulfilling the NDCs. TraCS collaborates locally with bilateral development cooperation projects in the area of climate change mitigation and transport.
Apart from providing support for partner-country activities, the project is contributing the transport Volume in the Compendium on Baselines and Monitoring. The Compendium is compiled by the UNFCCC Secretariat to provide an overview and guidance on methodologies for quantifying emission reductions of different mitigation actions. In addition, TraCS promotes the creation of an online database that records country-specific defaults on energy consumption and emissions factors per vehicle kilometre.
The methodologies and approaches developed in TraCS are coordinated with donor organisations and shared with other developing countries. The project encourages networking and exchange among international stakeholders and thereby contributes to improving mutual understanding and to harmonising approaches for measuring emissions.
By providing access to databases and methodologies, the project systematically promotes the development of expertise, resources and skills in developing countries. Improved capacities in identifying effective mitigation measures and monitoring their impact provide a stronger foundation for long-term planning of sustainable, low-carbon transport systems in Kenya and Vietnam. Mitigation measures in the transport sector can bring about additional sustainability effects such as reduced air pollution, greater energy security, fewer road accidents, and more.
TraCS closely cooperates with Transfer of Climate-friendly Transport Technologies and Measures (TRANSfer), a project supported by the International Climate Initiative (ICI) of the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB).
Results achieved so far
A working group on Tier 3 inventory for transport emissions has been established by the Ministry of Transport. Supported by the project, the working group has developed new methodologies to quantify GHG emissions and thereby a preliminary calculation for GHG emissions from the transport sector for 2015 (calculations for 2013 to 2016 are following).
Moreover, in cooperation with UNFCCC the project coordinated the new Transport Volume of the Compendium on Greenhouse Gas Baselines and Monitoring.