Support for implementing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development in Latin America and the Caribbean
Title: Support for implementing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable De-velopment in Latin America and the Caribbean
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Lead executing agency: United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC)
Overall term: 2016 to 2018
Since 1980, the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC, Spanish: CEPAL) and the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) have been cooperating in the promotion of a socially and ecologically sustainable economic development in the region. In 2003, these two institutions entered into a strategic partnership which has further intensified their cooperation in each of the two-year programme phases.
Over the last few years, the partnership has continually worked on environmental issues such as climate change, energy efficiency and renewable energies, as well as on issues relating to industrial policy and social protection. BMZ has commissioned GIZ to implement the programme. ECLAC’s role is to operate as a think tank for Latin America and the Caribbean, and to analyse and draft policy proposals.
The countries of Latin America and the Caribbean have integrated selected elements of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development into their national strategies and action plans.
The project supports cooperation and promotes synergies between ECLAC and German development co-operation projects. ECLAC benefits from the lessons learned through these projects, as it can use them to improve its own policy proposals, and implement its strategies more effectively at local level.
The project team plans and organises high-level political dialogue events between Latin America/the Carib-bean and the European Union. These events target topics such as social protection systems, energy effi-ciency, renewable energies, industrialisation, gender mainstreaming, and the challenges presented by climate change.
The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development establishes a transformative vision towards eco-nomic, social and environmental sustainability. This new roadmap, which includes 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), presents a historic opportunity for Latin America and the Caribbean, as it addresses priority issues for the region such as reducing inequalities, promoting inclusive eco-nomic growth and mitigating climate change.
The current cooperation arrangement between ECLAC and BMZ for the period 2016 to 2018 sup-ports for Latin America and the Caribbean as they implement the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Under the cooperation agreement, the project team supports the countries of the region as they integrate the SDG into their national strategies and development plans. The project focuses primarily on the three goals of climate change, gender equality and women’s empowerment, and economic growth.
The activities conducted through the cooperation programme have initiated and shaped numerous change processes in the region. The ECLAC project team has supported the governments of El Salvador, Paraguay, Dominican Republic and Uruguay in the reform and implementation of their social protection systems, and in the institutionalisation of their social policies. In Costa Rica and El Salvador, ECLAC advised the governments on drafting laws on welfare, early childhood care and education, and social protection. These laws were adopted in 2014.
Costa Rica and the Dominican Republic were successfully supported through the process of creating their Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs). As a result, the project could develop an econometric model that enables the governments to model the expected levels of greenhouse gas emissions, as well as the associated economic, environmental and social impacts of various policy instruments and scenarios.
The project set up an extensive database of energy efficiency indicators (BIEE). Bolivia subsequently introduced a national strategic plan for energy efficiency, and Ecuador created a National Institute for Renewable Energy. The introduction of the BIEE database also evoked a positive response at the global level: the World Bank is considering integrating the database into its Global Tracking Framework (GTF), which measures worldwide progress towards achieving sustainable energy for all (SE4All).
The project has also succeeded in placing environmental fiscal policy on the political agenda. For example, ECLAC provided advice to the government of Ecuador as it introduced the first vehicle tax related to CO2 emissions as well as a deposit system for plastic bottles. The government of El Salvador has introduced an instrument for identifying and classifying environmental spend, and in Mexico ECLAC advised the National Council for Science and Technology (CONCYT) on establishing a taxation law with incentives to encourage technological innovation.
In addition, ECLAC supported Ecuador in writing a National Agenda of Energy with a particular emphasis on integrating new tools to increase energy efficiency. The Vice President of Ecuador also received assistance in implementing a national strategy to diversify the economy and increase productivity.
In several countries of the region there has been considerable success with gender mainstreaming and equality. The topic has been popularised, and both the general population and economic and political decision-makers are more aware of it. Further results include the creation of an interministerial network for the economic empowerment of women in Costa Rica, and the introduction of national agreements on promoting the economic autonomy of women in Panama and Peru.