A serene marshland with lush, towering grass and calm water reflecting the beauty of nature.

Support to transboundary water cooperation in the Nile Basin

Support to Transboundary Water Cooperation in the Nile Basin


The Nile Basin covers approximately a tenth of Africa’s surface and houses a significant portion of its population. Water demand in the region steadily rises with economic development and population growth. Being a water-scarce basin with intensively utilised resources, water availability is likely to further decline due to land use and climatic changes. The basin is therefore considered as highly prone to conflict, with no permanent intergovernmental agreement on water cooperation in place. To tackle these challenges, the riparian countries established the Nile Basin Initiative (NBI) in 1999. The NBI, promotes a coordinated approach in river basin planning and development. This is based on the NBI’ vision of achieving sustainable socio-economic development through equitable use of the Nile Basin's shared water resources.

A section of River Nile taken in Jinja, Uganda


Nile riparian states effectively utilise NBI services to manage and develop their shared water resources collaboratively.


Following the GIZ capacity development approach, the focus is on enhancing capacities of persons involved in transboundary cooperation, strengthening the organisational capacity of NBI, and the policy framework to facilitate the cooperation. The project supports the following priority areas for transboundary cooperation in the Nile Basin:

  • Operating the regional hydrological monitoring system and effectively exchanging data for water resources management.
  • Coordinating the operation and ensuring the safety of cascade dams in both the Eastern Nile and the Lake Victoria Nile Rivers.
  • Conducting Strategic Water Resources Assessments (SWRA) for common understanding of the basin’s development potential and challenges related to water resources management.
  • Developing a regional Nile Basin Investment Program (BIP) to support the implementation of the Nile River Bain Management Plan and coordination of regional actors in basin development.

Last update: December 2023

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