- SUSTAINABLE INFRASTRUCTURE
- SECURITY, RECONSTRUCTION AND PEACE
- GOVERNANCE AND DEMOCRACY
- ENVIRONMENT AND CLIMATE CHANGE
The Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH has been working in Madagascar on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) since 1982. GIZ currently employs some 160 local and 45 international staff in-country.
Madagascar is the world’s fourth largest island. It is home to unique flora and fauna and has good soil and abundant natural resources. However, Madagascar is also one of the world’s poorest countries. The population is expected to double to 50 million in the next 30 years, putting more pressure on resources. Development of the country’s democratic institutions and civil society is at an early stage.
Madagascar is among the countries hardest hit by global climate change. It is particularly affected by frequent cyclones and periodic drought, which damage infrastructure and, increasingly, destroy harvests. Uncontrolled expansion of agriculture and forestry poses a growing threat to woodlands, soils and biodiversity.
GIZ’s engagement in Madagascar currently focuses on the following priority areas:
- Conservation and sustainable use of natural resources
- Renewable energy
- Climate change resilience in agriculture
Madagascar’s forests face major threats, with a continuous decline in forest cover. GIZ is assisting the Government and municipalities in reversing this trend. With a new forestry policy, the National Environmental Action Plan (PNAE), land use plans and the development of value chains for products such as honey and tourism, around 630,000 hectares of forest and protected areas are now being managed in a more efficient and sustainable manner.
Currently, only 15 per cent of the population of Madagascar has access to electricity and the figure is much lower in rural regions. GIZ supports efforts by the Government of Madagascar and the private sector to improve conditions for public and private investment in expanding the electricity supply.
GIZ also advises Madagascar on improving climate change resilience through the development of value chains, with a focus on agricultural production and processing. A further priority is to build the municipalities’ capacities, improve their efficiency as service providers and safeguard their financial resources.
The German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) and the European Union are GIZ’s main commissioning parties in Madagascar. GIZ also works closely with the private sector in order to achieve more effective and sustainable integration of the agricultural sector in international markets, increase yields and thus improve local people’s living conditions. For example, in partnership with Symrise, Unilever and Save the Children, GIZ is providing training for vanilla farmers to familiarise them with efficient growing methods and build their business skills.