Map of Madagascar

GIZ has been working on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) in Madagascar since 1982. A total of 35 Malagasy and 11 German or international experts are currently working there.

Madagascar is one of the world’s largest islands. It is more than one and a half times the size of Germany and is home to a unique wealth of flora and fauna. Its agricultural and extractive sectors offer huge potential.

Political crises have repeatedly set the country back in its development. In response to the unconstitutional power shift in March 2009, Germany suspended all international cooperation activities at ministerial level but continued to support the people, working closely with the country’s municipalities. At the start of 2014 new elections were held in Madagascar. These marked the first step in the resumption of Germany’s international cooperation with Madagascar.

Democratic institutions and civil society are not well developed, and the actions of the government and the administration leave much to be desired in terms of transparency and compliance with the rule of law. Madagascar is one of the poorest countries in the world, and little progress has been made since the turn of the century. The current population of 21 million is expected to double within the next 30 years. Pressure on natural resources is thus growing, and it is becoming increasingly difficult to ensure food security for the population and maintain a solid basis for social and economic development.

Environmental policy, protection and sustainable management of natural resources

Madagascar is one of the countries worst hit by global climate change. The country suffers frequent cyclones which not only destroy harvests, but repeatedly lay waste to the country’s infrastructure.

Natural resources and biodiversity are threatened by serious poverty in rural regions, low levels of productivity in agriculture, and a rising demand for cropland and fuelwood for the country’s growing population. Under the provisions of an agreement between the Malagasy and German governments, the priority areas of GIZ’s work are environmental policy, and the protection and sustainable management of natural resources. Under the German-Malagasy Environmental Programme, for instance, extensive areas have been re-afforested and sustainable management improved. GIZ is also supporting local self-government in more than 30 municipalities, providing training and helping to draw up land use plans.

Madagascar has huge potential in the field of renewable energy, especially hydropower. This could help improve electricity coverage for people living in rural areas. That is why GIZ is supporting the Rural Electrification Agency (ADER) in planning small-scale hydropower projects and implementing these in cooperation with private operators and investors.

Strengthening the rural population in the south of Madagascar

In the south of Madagascar, climate change is resulting in lower rainfall and more persistent droughts. The project, which was launched in October 2012, will help improve the economic situation of the rural people. In close cooperation with this measure, GIZ is also implementing an EU project to develop value chains in the south-east of Madagascar.

Cooperation with the private sector

GIZ is working with the private sector within the scope of several programmes to improve the situation of the people. One cooperation arrangement with Symrise aims to reduce the vulnerability of Malagasy vanilla farmers to fluctuating prices and harvest losses. GIZ is also working with Rio Tinto and Titanium to involve small and medium-sized businesses in mining areas in the value generated by this sector. And a partnership with Lecofruit has helped more than 12,000 small farmers stabilise their income with the help of modern farming methods, storage and crop selection.

Projects and Programmes


Completed Projects and Programmes

Office contact

GIZ-Office Madagascar
Country Director
Alan Walsch

Office address
GIZ-Office Madagascar
Bureau de la GIZ à Antananarivo Lotissement Bonnet Lot II K 68 bis Soavimasoandro Ivandry
Antananarivo 101- Madagascar
Phone: +261 20 22 425 98 ; +261 20 22 425 99 ; +261 32 11 425 88
Fax: +261 20 22 422 55

Postal Address
Bureau de la GIZ B.P. 869
101 Antananarivo

Project data