- SUSTAINABLE INFRASTRUCTURE
- SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
- GOVERNANCE AND DEMOCRACY
- ENVIRONMENT AND CLIMATE CHANGE
- ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND EMPLOYMENT
Germany and Bangladesh look back to a successful cooperation of more than 40 years. The Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH has national personnel of approximately 220 people, 20 people of seconded staff and two development advisors in Bangladesh.
Bangladesh has achieved remarkable economic growth in recent decades and is now classified as a lower middle income country by the World Bank. This was driven partly by a robust readymade garments sector, which accounts for approximately 80 per cent of the country’s exports. On the other hand, this sector is causing both environmental and social challenges that are to be overcome. Additionally, Bangladesh is affected by climate change and faces challenges regarding human rights and good governance due to overcrowding in prisons and lack of knowledge among prisoners about legal advisory services and alternative dispute resolution mechanisms.
On behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) and other commissioning parties such as the Government of the United Kingdom, the European Commission and the Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands (EKN), GIZ focuses on the following priority areas in Bangladesh:
- Renewable energy and energy efficiency;
- Good governance, rule of law, human rights; and
- Adaptation to climate change in urban areas.
GIZ is working together with the civil society and stakeholders of the public and private sectors to help people living in remote areas by improving access to safe and affordable drinking water, reducing indoor pollution and greenhouse gas emissions.
With regard to good governance, efforts focus on making the national and local criminal justice system more transparent and reducing the number of under-trial prisoners as well as case backlogs. Further, GIZ offers support in minimising recidivism and promotes alternative dispute resolution mechanisms. The Paralegal Advisory Service works to ensure timely and appropriate legal assistance to poor and vulnerable prisoners, reduce incidents of re-offending, restrict case inflow through alternative dispute resolution mechanisms (such as mediation and restorative justice), and empower people through improved access to legal information.
As a result of climate change, many people are forced to leave their homes. GIZ is helping to improve the living conditions of climate migrants, particularly by offering support in adjusting the basic urban infrastructure, for example roads, but also toilets, drainage systems, bathing corners, cloth washing slabs, solar street lights and tube wells. Host cities of climate migrants receive support in identifying the economic potentials that come with the new inhabitants.
Support is also provided to increase the capacity of the Bangladesh Forest Department and improve the cooperation and coordination among various stakeholders engaged in conservation efforts.
GIZ is operating on behalf of clients of the public and private sectors to improve social and environmental standards as well as health and safety in factories of the textile and leather industries.
GIZ is also collaborating with Energising Development (EnDev) and the French Development Agency (AFD).
All of these activities support the Government of Bangladesh in gaining middle income status as is laid out in the Vision 2021, the 7th Five Year Plan as well as the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).