- RURAL DEVELOPMENT
- GOVERNANCE AND DEMOCRACY
- ENERGY (SUSTAINABLE INFRASTRUCTURE)
- ENVIRONMENT AND CLIMATE CHANGE
- ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND EMPLOYMENT
The Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH has worked in Tunisia since 1975. In 1999, it opened an office in Tunis, the country’s capital. Almost 210 national and roughly 50 international personnel are currently deployed in the country. In addition, four integrated experts work locally.
As the only Arab country with a parliamentary democracy and a modern constitution, Tunisia is considered a beacon of hope in the region. Yet the country faces many challenges. The nascent democracy has to be stabilised and there is room for improving opportunities for political participation. People face difficult living conditions, particularly in rural areas, as there is a large development gap between urban and rural areas. A large budget deficit, high unemployment, and a lack of professional training remain major challenges. Water is in short supply and climate change threatens livelihoods – especially in rural areas. Putting laws into practice, including those governing renewable energy as well as climate protection and resource conservation, is challenging. But this also provides opportunities for sustainable economic development.
GIZ is active in Tunisia on behalf of the German Government and the European Union (EU). It works with local partners on more than 45 projects and supports the country in its economic policy and democratic development. Priority areas:
- Sustainable economic development and employment promotion
- Regional development, local governance and democracy
- Protection of natural resources
- Energy and climate
In order to improve the region’s economic performance and attract greater investment to the country, support is lent to the state, established companies and start-ups – for instance, in the digital economy. This creates earning and employment opportunities.
Another focal point of work is the decentralisation of public administration structures and business. GIZ advises its Tunisian partners in the development of disadvantaged inland regions and supports the development of regional structures.
GIZ also promotes the sustainable regional use of water resources. Together with public, private and civil society organisations, solutions are developed for agricultural practices and rural development that conserve resources.
In addition, support is provided for expanding the renewable energy and energy efficiency sector. For instance, GIZ advises the Tunisian Government on the drafting of laws. At the same time, it helps the private sector further develop the domestic market. Additional projects deal with the topics of climate protection and energy dependence.
German-Tunisian cooperation also focuses on the topic of migration. A migration advice centre was opened in Tunis in March 2017 where Tunisians can obtain advice regarding the opportunities available in the German and Tunisian labour markets.