Viet Nam enjoys a strong and solid partnership with Germany and is now one of Germany’s most important partners for international cooperation in Asia. GIZ has been working in Viet Nam for more than 20 years. It currently has around 240 staff deployed across the country, including national and international personnel and development workers, as well as CIM experts.
Despite or perhaps due to its dynamic economic growth, Viet Nam faces major challenges over the next few years. Rural poverty, environmental degradation, shortage of skilled workers and high energy consumption continue to be pressing problems in a country which has now built up a reputation as one of South-East Asia’s leading economies.
Viet Nam’s remarkable economic growth remains highly resource-intensive, and the country has yet to secure the long-term transition to growth that is environmentally and socially sustainable. 2012, the Government of Viet Nam responded by adopting its Green Growth Strategy, which aims to achieve accelerated, efficient and sustainable economic development based on more sparing use of natural resources, a workforce whose skills are aligned to the needs of an ever more challenging market, and an energy sector with the capacity to meet the increasingly rigorous demands anticipated in future.
On behalf of the German Government, GIZ provides advisory services to the Government of Viet Nam and is currently engaged in three priority areas:
Environment and natural resources
Viet Nam is one of the countries in the world most severely affected by climate change, yet at the same time it is responsible for increasing quantities of greenhouse gas emissions. As well as facing problems of climate change, the country also has to cope with pressure on its natural resources like forests and water. In response, GIZ helped introduce the concept of payments for environmental services, and we are supporting climate change adaptation measures in the Mekong Delta. We are also working with the government to develop and achieve Viet Nam’s Nationally Determined Contribution under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
Viet Nam’s demand for energy is rising rapidly. In meeting this demand, the country wants to substantially increase the share of renewable energy in its power production. However, the country’s emerging market for renewable energies is still largely undeveloped. For this reason, GIZ is supporting the government’s efforts to eliminate barriers to private sector investment in renewable energy and in energy efficiency infrastructure – for instance by improving access to financing or simplifying the legal framework.
There is a shortage of skilled workers and technicians with practical training in Viet Nam. Many of those who hold qualifications do not meet the real needs of the private sector. GIZ has therefore been piloting new vocational training programmes since 2008. We are developing and implementing these programmes in cooperation with enterprises and trade associations, which means they can respond directly to the demands of industry.
With its Macroeconomic Reforms Programme, GIZ directly links these priority areas of activity with Viet Nam’s Green Growth Strategy in order to achieve lasting impacts in all sectors and facilitate Viet Nam’s progress towards a sustainable future. This includes strengthening policymakers’ capacities to pursue green economic policies, providing legal advice to improve the regulatory framework, reforming Viet Nam’s public finance system and introducing new financial instruments, such as green bonds. Cross-cutting topics (civil society, cooperation with the private sector, gender equality)are mainstreamed in GIZ’s programmes.
GIZ’s main commissioning party is the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ). Other commissions come from the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB), and the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi) GIZ is also engaged in various projects cofunded by the Australian Government (Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade – DFAT), the Swiss Confederation - State Secretariat for Economic Affairs SECO and the European Union and cooperates closely with the German development bank KfW.
Projects and Programmes
Environment and climate change
Economic development and employment
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